This is the story of how the actions of Cesar Kaskel, a resident of Paducah during the Civil War, lead to the ending of a Union military injustice, that became known as the worst official anti-Semitic action in American history, when Major-General Ulysses S. Grant issued General Orders No. 11 on December 17th, 1862, instructing his officers to expel all the Jews in the military district of western Kentucky, western Tennessee, and Mississippi:1
When the Boston Massacre occurred on March 5, 1770 and the Boston Tea Party took place on December 16th, 1773, the colonists were highly agitated by these events, but throughout all of this, they still considered themselves British subjects that had grievances against the reigning British monarch, George III. In the year 1775, hostilities broke out between the colonists and the British army in these battles:
- 4/19/1775 The Battles of Lexington and Concord Lexington and Concord Massachusetts
- 5/10/1775 The Siege of Fort Ticonderoga Fort Ticonderoga, New York
- 5/27/1775 The Battle of Chelsea Creek Suffolk County, Massachusetts
- 6/16/1775 The Battle of Bunker (Breeds) Hill Charlestown, Massachusetts
- 12/31/1775 The Battle of Quebec Quebec City, Province of Quebec
Even after these battles, the colonists continued to consider themselves British subjects.
With all of the fighting between the political parties, many people are defined by which party they belong and the issues that they stand for. Partisan attacks and polarization have become the norm, and the division in the nation is clearly growing to an alarming level.
Whether you are liberal or conservative minded, it is the issues that divide us and sets us into one camp or the other, and in order to allow all citizens of the United States to have their voices heard, a big picture view is needed to find a direction that we want our country to move for the future.
By only focusing on issues, it makes it easy for us to forget the most important fact that we are all American citizens, which have many differing ideas, and this fact will remain no matter what issues we decide are the most important to each of us.
In Teddy Roosevelt’s ‘Man with the Muck Rake’ speech, given on April 15, 1906, he cautioned against those spreading misinformation:
The liar is no whit better than the thief, and if his mendacity takes the form of slander he may be worse than most thieves. It puts a premium upon knavery untruthfully to attack an honest man, or even with hysterical exaggeration to assail a bad man with untruth.
There are many arguments proclaiming the ‘evils’ of big government, and it always seems to come back to the same arguments made by the Federalists and the Anti-federalists during the days of our founders, concerning the differences between a strong central government and a weak central government.
It is taken as gospel that our government should be small, and it is argued that it was always meant to be this way, but from what has been said about the dangers of our large government, it appears that some are advocating for a return of the Articles of Confederation, with its weak central powers, instead of the federal government that we have today.
The United States’ cause was in danger. Thirty miles from Philadelphia and camped on the Pennsylvania side of the Delaware River, George Washington was trying to hold on by any means possible, and after so many defeats, he feared all was lost.
It was the winter of 1776 and Washington had lost New York and New Jersey to the British General Howe and his army, while retreating constantly. He knew his men were suffering from the elements and were weary and weakened, but what could he do?
Traveling with Washington’s army, Thomas Paine, who wrote ‘Common Sense‘, which inspired many in the nation to fight for independence, began to write on a drum-head, ‘The American Crisis‘. He was then sent to Philadelphia, under threat of being captured by the British, to finish his writings and have his pamphlets printed.
When the pamphlets arrived in the camp on December 25th, Washington was delighted because he knew this might be just what he needed to inspire his troops, so he immediately had all of his officers read it to their men. They boarded the small boats shortly after and went on to defeat the Hessians and capture Trenton, winning a stunning battle.
The Boston Tea Party is one of the most cherished stories from the founding of our country. This is one of the events that inspired the American colonists to stand up against tyranny imposed on them from the British government.
We have heard a lot about the Tea Party of today that has used this historical event to help rally their movement. So what happened in 1773 that made the colonists to want to throw the tea into the harbor in the first place?